Desempleo y Políticas del Mercado Laboral. Análisis Internacional de Políticas Públicas: Algunos Casos Exitosos

Gabriel Molteni

Resumen


En los últimos quince años, mientras la mayoría de los países del mundo sufrieron un aumento
o estabilidad en el nivel de desempleo, algunos países han logrado mejorar significativamente su situación. Este trabajo lleva a cabo una revisión de la literatura con respecto a las políticas de empleo y del mercado laboral de esos países con el objetivo de extraer algunas lecciones de estas ‘buenas prácticas’. Cabe aclarar que el objetivo no consiste en recomendar políticas específicas para Argentina sino simplemente destacar la relevancia de algunas características comunes que presentan estos casos exitosos.
Los países exitosos, además de experimentar una buena performance en términos de crecimiento económico, implementaron un conjunto de políticas que van desde políticas del mercado laboral activas a un amplio sistema de seguridad social, mayor flexibilidad laboral y políticas salariales moderadas.


Palabras clave


Mercado laboral; políticas de empleo; seguridad social; flexibilidad laboral

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Referencias


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