El Modelo de los Cinco Factores de Personalidad: contribución predictiva al rendimiento académico

Marcos Cupani, Sebastián Garrido, Jessica Tavella


La presente revisión tiene como objetivo conocer cuáles son los principales rasgos de personalidad que permiten predecir el éxito académico e identificar la relación de los mismos con otras variables psicológicas tales como la inteligencia, los intereses, las creencias de autoeficacia y las metas de rendimiento. Especialmente se ha utilizado el Modelo de los Cinco Factores de Personalidad, ya que es considerada una de las explicaciones más exhaustivas y con mejores perspectivas para la medición de la personalidad. De la revisión realizada puede decirse que de los cinco factores de personalidad, el más consistentemente asociado con el éxito académico es el factor Responsabilidad. Con respecto a los restantes rasgos de personalidad, la asociación es menos clara. Se espera que la información aportada ayude a investigadores y profesionales del ámbito educativo a comprender e identificar cuál es el patrón psicológico que facilita el éxito académico. Se mencionan algunas limitaciones y se proponen nuevas directrices.

Palabras clave

Modelo de los Cinco Factores; rasgos de personalidad; rendimiento académico

Texto completo:



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